Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Income Taxes

v3.8.0.1
Income Taxes
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2017
Income Taxes [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

11.  Income Taxes 



Our provision for income taxes consists of the following (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Federal: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current

 

$

35,466 

 

$

22,262 

 

$

19,566 

Deferred

 

 

(43,252)

 

 

18,499 

 

 

18,608 



 

$

(7,786)

 

$

40,761 

 

$

38,174 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

State and Other:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current

 

$

4,209 

 

$

2,763 

 

$

4,223 

Deferred

 

 

603 

 

 

(3,352)

 

 

(86)

    

 

 

4,812 

 

 

(589)

 

 

4,137 

Total

 

$

(2,974)

 

$

40,172 

 

$

42,311 



The reasons for the difference between our provision for income taxes and the amount that results from applying the federal statutory tax rate to income before provision for income taxes relate to (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

For the Year Ended December 31,

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense at statutory rate

 

$

42,893 

 

$

40,293 

 

$

39,416 

Effect of state taxes, net of federal tax benefit

 

 

2,735 

 

 

1,796 

 

 

1,620 

Effect of federal rate change, net of federal tax benefit

 

 

(47,722)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Effect of state rate changes on net deferred

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

liabilities

 

 

118 

 

 

(1,433)

 

 

1,448 

Change in valuation allowance

 

 

275 

 

 

(549)

 

 

(47)

Non-deductible items

 

 

460 

 

 

317 

 

 

194 

Tax credits

 

 

(1,733)

 

 

(515)

 

 

(307)

Other

 

 

 —

 

 

263 

 

 

(13)

Total

 

$

(2,974)

 

$

40,172 

 

$

42,311 



Our deferred income taxes consist of the following components (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

As of December 31,



 

2017

 

2016



 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred federal and state tax liabilities (assets):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Installment sales treatment of VOI notes receivable

 

$

99,906 

 

$

152,074 

Deferred federal and state loss carryforwards/AMT

 

 

 

 

 

 

credits (net of valuation allowance of $2.4 million and $2.2 million

 

 

 

 

 

 

as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively)

 

 

(8,463)

 

 

(11,450)

Book reserves for loan losses and inventory

 

 

(26,249)

 

 

(40,714)

Tax over book depreciation

 

 

(1,708)

 

 

(2,924)

Deferral of VOI sales and costs under timeshare accounting rules

 

 

7,535 

 

 

8,718 

Real estate valuation

 

 

(6,884)

 

 

(13,463)

Intangible assets

 

 

14,279 

 

 

23,353 

Junior subordinated debentures

 

 

9,144 

 

 

16,349 

Other

 

 

(3,932)

 

 

(5,665)

Deferred income taxes

 

$

83,628 

 

$

126,278 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Total deferred federal and state tax liabilities

 

$

130,864 

 

$

200,494 

Total deferred federal and state tax assets

 

 

(47,236)

 

 

(74,216)

Deferred income taxes

 

$

83,628 

 

$

126,278 



As of December 31, 2017, we had state operating loss carryforwards of $240.2 million, which expire from 2018 through 2037.



Internal Revenue Code Section 382 addresses limitations on the use of net operating loss carryforwards following a change in ownership, as defined in Section 382.  We do not believe that any such ownership change occurred during 2017 or 2016.  If our interpretation was found to be incorrect, there would be significant limitations placed on our ability to use these carryforwards, which would result in an increase in our tax liability and negatively impact our results of operations. 



We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states and foreign jurisdictions. With certain exceptions, we are no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local, or non-U.S. income tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2014 for federal returns and 2012 for state returns. 



Our effective income tax rate was approximately (2)%,  35% and 38% during 2017,  2016,  and 2015 respectively.  On December 22, 2017, H.R.1, known as the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act,” was signed into law. In addition to changes or limitations to certain tax deductions, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act permanently lowers the corporate tax rate to 21% from the existing maximum rate of 35%, effective for tax years commencing January 1, 2018. As a result of the reduction of the corporate tax rate to 21%, U.S. generally accepted accounting principles require companies to revalue their deferred tax assets and liabilities as of the date of enactment, with resulting tax effects accounted for in continuing operations, in the reporting period of enactment.  We recorded a one-time, after tax benefit of approximately $47.7 million during the fourth quarter of 2017 based on the revaluation of our net deferred tax liability.



Effective income tax rates for interim periods are based upon our current estimated annual rate.  Our effective income tax rate varies based upon the estimate of taxable earnings as well as on the mix of taxable earnings in the various states in which we operate.



We evaluate our tax positions based upon guidelines of ASC 740-10, Income Tax, which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in tax positions.  Based on an evaluation of uncertain tax provisions, we are required to measure tax benefits based on the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement.  In accordance with our accounting policy, we recognize interest and penalties related to unrecognized taxes as a component of general and administrative expenses.  As of December 31, 2017, we did not recognize any interest or penalties related to ASC 740-10.



Certain of our other state filings are under routine examination. While there is no assurance as to the results of these audits, we do not currently anticipate any material adjustments in connection with these examinations.



We are party to an Agreement to Allocate Consolidated Income Tax Liability and Benefits with BBX Capital and its subsidiaries pursuant to which, among other customary terms and conditions, the parties agreed to file consolidated federal tax returns.  Under the agreement, the parties calculate their respective income tax liabilities and attributes as if each of them was a separate filer.  If any tax attributes are used by another party to the agreement to offset its tax liability, the party providing the benefit will receive an amount for the tax benefits realized.  We paid BBX Capital or its affiliated entities $39.3 million, $26.2 million and $19.2 million during 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively, pursuant to the Agreement.