Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Commitments And Contingencies

Commitments And Contingencies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Commitments And Contingencies [Abstract]  
Commitments And Contingencies

11.  Commitments and Contingencies

In September 2017, we entered into an agreement with an executive in connection with his retirement. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, we agreed to make payments totaling approximately $2.9 million through March 2019.  As of December 31, 2018, $0.8 million remained payable under this agreement. Further, in December 2018, we entered into an agreement with another executive in connection with his retirement. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, we agreed to make payments totaling approximately $2.0 million through December 2019, all of which remained payable as of December 31, 2018.

In lieu of paying maintenance fees for unsold VOI inventory, we may enter into subsidy agreements with certain HOAs. During the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, we made subsidy payments in connection with these arrangements of $13.9 million, $12.6 million and $13.9 million, respectively, which are included within cost of other fee-based services. As of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had no accrued liability for such subsidies.

In March 2018, our Compensation Committee approved in principle the material terms of an Executive Leadership Incentive Plan (the “ELIP”), which provides for the grant of cash-settled performance units (“Performance Units”) and cash-settled stock appreciation rights (“SARs”) to participants in the ELIP.  It is contemplated that each participant will be granted award opportunities representing a percentage of his or her base salary (the “Target LTI”).  In the case of certain of our executive officers, the award will be divided 30% to SARs and 70% to Performance Units.  For other participants, including certain of our senior vice presidents, certain vice presidents and certain other employees, the award will be 100% in Performance Units. Performance Units will represent the right of the recipient to receive a cash payment based on the achievement of levels of EBITDA and return on invested capital (“ROIC”) during a two-year period.  SARs granted under the ELIP, upon exercise after vesting, will entitle the holder to a cash payment in an amount equal to the excess of the market price of our common stock on the date of exercise over the exercise price of the SAR.  The SARs will vest in equal annual installments on the first, second and third anniversary of the date of grant and have a five-year term. In March 2018, our Compensation Committee approved grants of 639,643 SARs, of which 559,194 remain outstanding as of December 31, 2018, at an exercise price of $19.72 per share to certain of our officers, as well as Performance Units up to approximately $7.4 million in 2020 to certain members of management, depending on actual results for the two years ending December 31, 2019. In addition, the ELIP includes an interim award based on 2018 EBITDA performance and cash generation, payable in 2019.  As of December 31, 2018, we had $3.4 million accrued for the ELIP included in accrued liabilities and other in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of such date.

In October 2013, we entered into an agreement to purchase from an unaffiliated third party completed VOI inventory at the Lake Eve Resort in Orlando, Florida over a five-year period. The total purchase commitment was $35.1 million, of which $4.6 million and $8.9 million of inventory was purchased in 2018 and 2017, respectively. As of December 31, 2018, all amounts have been paid under this purchase commitment.

Rent expense for the years ended December 31, 2018,  2017 and 2016 totaled $15.2 million,  $16.9 million and $15.1 million, respectively. Lease commitments under these and our various other non-cancelable operating leases for each of the five years subsequent to December 31, 2018 and thereafter are as follows (in thousands):































Total future minimum lease payments




In the ordinary course of business, we become subject to claims or proceedings from time to time relating to the purchase, sale, marketing, or financing of VOIs or our other business activities.  We are also subject to certain matters relating to the Bluegreen Communities’ business, substantially all of the assets of which were sold by us on May 4, 2012.  Additionally, from time to time in the ordinary course of business, we become involved in disputes with existing and former employees, vendors, taxing jurisdictions and various other parties, and we also receive individual consumer complaints, as well as complaints received through regulatory and consumer agencies, including Offices of State Attorneys General. We take these matters seriously and attempt to resolve any such issues as they arise. 

Reserves are accrued for matters in which management believes it is probable that a loss will be incurred and the amount of such loss can be reasonably estimated.  Management does not believe that the aggregate liability relating to known contingencies in excess of the aggregate amounts accrued will have a material impact on our results of operations or financial condition. However, litigation is inherently uncertain and the actual costs of resolving legal claims, including awards of damages, may be substantially higher than the amounts accrued for these claims and may have a material adverse impact on our results of operations or financial condition.

Management is not at this time able to estimate a range of reasonably possible losses with respect to matters in which it is reasonably possible that a loss will occur.  In certain matters, management is unable to estimate the loss or reasonable range of loss until additional developments provide information sufficient to support an assessment of the loss or range of loss.  Frequently in these matters, the claims are broad and the plaintiffs have not quantified or factually supported their claim.

On August 24, 2016, Whitney Paxton and Jeff Reeser filed a lawsuit against Bluegreen Vacations Unlimited, Inc. (“BVU”), our wholly-owned subsidiary, and certain of its employees (collectively, the “Defendants”), seeking to establish a class action of former and current employees of BVU and alleging violations of plaintiffs’ rights under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (the “FLSA”) and breach of contract. The lawsuit also sought damages in the amount of the unpaid compensation owed to the plaintiffs. The court granted preliminary approval of class action in September 2017 to conditionally certify collective action and facilitate notice to potential class members be granted with respect to certain employees and denied as to others. In February 2019, the parties agreed to settle the matter for an immaterial amount. It is expected that the court will approve the settlement and the dismissal of the lawsuit after the settlement documents are fully prepared and executed. 

On September 22, 2017, Stephen Potje, Tamela Potje, Sharon Davis, Beafus Davis, Matthew Baldwin, Tammy Baldwin, Arnor Lee, Angela Lee, Gretchen Brown, Paul Brown, Jeremy Estrada, Emily Estrada, Michael Oliver, Carrie Oliver, Russell Walters, Elaine Walters, and Mike Ericson, individually and on behalf of all other similarly situated, filed a purported class action lawsuit against us which asserts claims for alleged violations of the Florida Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act and the Florida False Advertising Law. In the complaint, the plaintiffs alleged the making of false representations in connection with our sales of VOIs, including representations regarding the ability to use points for stays or other experiences with other vacation providers, the ability to cancel VOI purchases and receive a refund of the purchase price and the ability to roll over unused points, and that annual maintenance fees would not increase. The purported class action lawsuit was dismissed without prejudice after mediation.  However, on or about April 24, 2018, plaintiffs re-filed their individual claims in Palm Beach County Circuit Court. We intend to file a motion for summary judgment seeking dismissal of the suit.

On January 4, 2018, Gordon Siu, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, filed a lawsuit against BVU and Choice Hotels International, Inc. which asserted claims for alleged violations of California law that relates to the recording of telephone conversations with consumers. Plaintiff alleged that after staying at a Choice Hotels resort, defendants placed a telemarketing call to plaintiff to sell the Choice Hotels customer loyalty program and a vacation package at a Choice hotel via the Bluegreen Getaways vacation package program.  Plaintiff alleged that he was not timely informed that the phone conversation was being recorded and sought certification of a class comprised of other persons recorded on calls without their consent within one year before the filing of the original complaint.  After BVU moved to dismiss the complaint, plaintiff amended his complaint to dismiss one of the two causes of action in the original complaint on the basis that that particular statute only concerns land line phones. Plaintiff and Choice agreed to a confidential settlement and Choice was dismissed from this lawsuit. On November 22, 2018, the parties agreed to settle the matter for a nominal amount.  In January 2019, the settlement was approved, and the case is now closed.

On June 28, 2018, Melissa S. Landon, Edward P. Landon, Shane Auxier and Mu Hpare, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, filed a purported class action lawsuit against the Company and BVU asserting claims for alleged violations of the Wisconsin Timeshare Act, Wisconsin law prohibiting illegal referral selling, and Wisconsin law prohibiting illegal attorney’s fee provisions. Plaintiffs allegations include that we failed to disclose the identity of the seller of real property at the beginning of our initial contact with the purchaser; that we misrepresented who the seller of the real property was; that we misrepresented the buyer’s right to cancel; that we included an illegal attorney’s fee provision in the sales document(s); that we offered an illegal “today only” incentive to purchase; and that we utilize an illegal referral selling program to induce the sale of VOIs. Plaintiffs seek certification of a class consisting of all persons who, in Wisconsin, purchased from us one or more VOIs within six years prior to the filing of this lawsuit. Plaintiffs seek statutory damages, attorneys’ fees and injunctive relief. We believe the lawsuit is without merit and intend to vigorously defend the action. We have filed a motion to dismiss the complaint which is pending.

On January 7, 2019, Shehan Wijesinha filed a purported class action lawsuit alleging violations of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act. It is alleged that BVU called plaintiff’s cell phone for telemarketing purposes using an automated dialing system, and that plaintiff did not give BVU his express written consent to do so. Plaintiffs seek certification of a class comprised of other persons in the United States who received similar calls from or on behalf of BVU without the person’s consent.  Plaintiff seeks monetary damages, attorneys’ fees and injunctive relief. We believe the lawsuit is without merit and intend to vigorously defend the action.

On January 7, 2019, Debbie Adair and thirty-four other timeshare purchasers filed a lawsuit against BVU and Bass Pro alleging violations of the Tennessee Consumer Protection Act, the Tennessee Time-share Act, the California Time-Share Act, fraudulent misrepresentation for failure to make certain required disclosures, fraudulent inducement for inducing purchasers to remain under contract past rescission, unauthorized practice of law, civil conspiracy, unjust enrichment, and breach of contract. Plaintiffs seek rescission of their contracts, money damages, including statutory treble damages, or in the alternative, punitive damages in an amount not less than $0.5 million. We believe the lawsuit is without merit and intend to vigorously defend the action. We have agreed to indemnify Bass Pro with respect to the claims brought against us in this proceeding.

Commencing in 2015, it came to our attention that our collection efforts with respect to our VOI notes receivable were being impacted by a then emerging, industry-wide trend involving the receipt of  “cease and desist” letters from exit firms and their attorneys purporting to represent certain VOI owners. Following receipt of these letters, we are unable to contact the owners unless allowed by law. We believe these exit firms have encouraged such owners to become delinquent and ultimately default on their obligations and that such actions and our inability to contact the owners are a primary contributor to the increase in our annual default rates. Our average annual default rates have increased from 6.9% in 2015 to 8.4% in 2018. We also estimate that approximately 14.4% of the total delinquencies on our VOI notes receivable as of December 31, 2018 related to VOI notes receivable subject to this issue. We have in a number of cases pursued, and we may in the future pursue, legal action against the VOI owners, and in certain circumstances against the exit firms.

On December 21, 2018, we and BVU filed a lawsuit against timeshare exit firm Totten Franqui and certain other affiliated (“TPEs”). In the compliant, we argue that through various forms of deceptive advertising, as well as inappropriate direct contact with or VOI owners, the TPEs make false statements about us and provide misleading information to the VOI owners. We also believe that the TPEs induce our VOI owners to breach their contracts and stop making payments to us, which typically results in a default on the VOI note and termination of the VOI.  Thereafter, the TPEs, despite often times doing no more than encouraging non-payment, claim that they “helped” the consumer “exit” their timeshare contract. We believe that all of this results in the consumer paying fees to the TPEs in exchange for illusory services. We have asserted claims under the Lanham Act, as well as tortious interference with contractual relations, civil conspiracy to commit tortious interference and other claims.

We have an exclusive marketing agreement with Bass Pro, a nationally-recognized retailer of fishing, marine, hunting, camping and sports gear, that provides us with the right to market and sell vacation packages at kiosks in each of Bass Pro’s retail locations and through other means. As of December 31, 2018, we sold vacation packages in 69 of Bass Pro’s stores. We compensate Bass Pro based on VOI sales generated through the program. No compensation is paid to Bass Pro under the agreement on sales made at Bluegreen/Big Cedar Vacations’ resorts. During the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, VOI sales to prospects and leads generated by the agreement with Bass Pro accounted for approximately 14%,  15% and 16%, respectively, of our VOI sales volume. We have continued to meet with Bass Pro’s leadership in an effort to resolve the issues which arose between the parties in 2017 and 2018. While there is no assurance that a resolution will be reached, we remain optimistic that we will achieve a resolution of the outstanding issues. We are hopeful that the resolution will address the timing of entry into the Cabela’s stores and an extension of the parties’ agreements. If reached, the resolution may include a restructuring of the amount and timing of compensation paid to Bass Pro. In the meantime, we continue to execute our vacation package marketing strategy under our current agreement with Bass Pro. While we do not believe that any material additional amounts are due to Bass Pro, our future results would be impacted if the issues are not resolved and by any change in the compensation payable to Bass Pro or the calculation of payments or reimbursements utilized pursuant to the agreements.