Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Commitments And Contingencies

Commitments And Contingencies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2017
Commitments And Contingencies [Abstract]  
Commitments And Contingencies

10.  Commitments and Contingencies

In lieu of paying maintenance fees for unsold VOI inventory, we provide subsidies to certain HOAs to provide for funds necessary to operate and maintain vacation ownership properties in excess of assessments collected from owners of the VOIs.  During 2017, 2016, and 2015, we made subsidy payments in connection with these arrangements of $12.6 million, $13.9 million and $15.8 million, included within cost of other fee-based services, respectively.  As December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, we had no accrued liabilities for such subsidies. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, we were providing subsidies to nine HOAs.  

In September 2017, we entered an agreement with an executive in connection with his retirement. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, we agreed to make payments totaling approximately $2.9 million through March 2019. The amount payable under the agreement was accrued as of December 31, 2017 and is included in selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017. As of December 31, 2017, we had a $2.6 million liability remaining under this agreement. Also, during the second half of 2017, we implemented an initiative designed to streamline our operations in certain areas to facilitate future growth. Such initiative resulted in $5.8 million of severance expense for the year ended December 31, 2017, $1.9 million of which will be paid in 2018. 


In October 2013, we entered into an agreement to purchase from an unaffiliated third party completed VOI inventory at the Lake Eve Resort in Orlando, Florida over a five-year period. The total purchase commitment was $35.1 million, of which $8.9 million and $5.4 million of inventory was purchased in 2017 and 2016, respectively.  As of December 31, 2017,  $4.6 million of the Lake Eve Resort purchase commitment remained.

Rent expense for the years ended December 31, 2017,  2016 and 2015 totaled $16.9 million,  $15.1 million and $13.1 million, respectively. Lease commitments under these and our various other non-cancelable operating leases for each of the five years subsequent to December 31, 2017 and thereafter are as follows (in thousands):































  Total future minimum lease payments




In the ordinary course of business, we become subject to claims or proceedings from time to time relating to the purchase, sale, marketing, or financing of VOIs or our other business activities.  We are also subject to certain matters relating to the Bluegreen Communities’ business, substantially all of the assets of which were sold by us on May 4, 2012.  Additionally, from time to time in the ordinary course of business, we become involved in disputes with existing and former employees, vendors, taxing jurisdictions and various other parties, and we also receive individual consumer complaints, as well as complaints received through regulatory and consumer agencies, including Offices of State Attorneys General. We take these matters seriously and attempt to resolve any such issues as they arise. 

Reserves are accrued for matters in which management believes it is probable that a loss will be incurred and the amount of such loss can be reasonably estimated.  Management does not believe that the aggregate liability relating to known contingencies in excess of the aggregate amounts accrued will have a material impact on our results of operations or financial condition. However, litigation is inherently uncertain and the actual costs of resolving legal claims, including awards of damages, may be substantially higher than the amounts accrued for these claims and may have a material adverse impact on our results of operations or financial condition.

Management is not at this time able to estimate a range of reasonably possible losses with respect to matters in which it is reasonably possible that a loss will occur.  In certain matters, management is unable to estimate the loss or reasonable range of loss until additional developments provide information sufficient to support an assessment of the loss or range of loss.  Frequently in these matters, the claims are broad and the plaintiffs have not quantified or factually supported their claim.

On August 24, 2016, Whitney Paxton and Jeff Reeser filed a lawsuit against Bluegreen Vacations Unlimited, Inc. (“BVU”), our wholly-owned subsidiary, and certain of its employees (collectively, the “Defendants”), seeking to establish a class action of former and current employees of BVU and alleging violations of plaintiffs’ rights under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (the “FLSA”) and breach of contract. The lawsuit also claims that the Defendants terminated plaintiff Whitney Paxton as retaliation for her complaints about alleged violations of the FLSA. The lawsuit seeks damages in the amount of the unpaid compensation owed to the plaintiffs. During July 2017, a magistrate judge entered a report and recommendation that the plaintiffs’ motion to conditionally certify collective action and facilitate notice to potential class members be granted with respect to certain employees and denied as to others. During September 2017, the judge accepted the recommendation and granted preliminary approval of class certification. We believe that the lawsuit is without merit and intend to vigorously defend the action.

On September 22, 2017, Stephen Potje, Tamela Potje, Sharon Davis, Beafus Davis, Matthew Baldwin, Tammy Baldwin, Arnor Lee, Angela Lee, Gretchen Brown, Paul Brown, Jeremy Estrada, Emily Estrada, Guillermo Astorga Jr., Michael Oliver, Carrie Oliver, Russell Walters, Elaine Walters, and Mike Ericson, individually and on behalf of all other similarly situated, filed a lawsuit against us which asserts claims for alleged violations of the Florida Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act and the Florida False Advertising Law. In the complaint, the plaintiffs allege the making of false representations in connection with our sales of VOIs, including representations regarding the ability to use points for stays or other experiences with other vacation providers, the ability to cancel VOI purchases and receive a refund of the purchase price and the ability to roll over unused points, and that annual maintenance fees would not increase. The complaint seeks to establish a class of consumers who, since the beginning of the applicable statute of limitations, have purchased VOIs from us, had their annual maintenance fees relating to our VOIs increased, or were unable to roll over their unused points to the next calendar year. The lawsuit alleges damages are in excess of  $5,000,000 and seeks damages in the amount alleged to have been improperly obtained by us, as well as any statutory enhanced damages, attorneys’ fees and costs, and equitable and injunctive relief. On November 20, 2017, we moved to dismiss the complaint and, in response, the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint dropping the claims relating to the Florida Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act and adding claims for fraud in the inducement and violation of the Florida Vacation Plan and Timesharing Act. We filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint which is currently pending before the court. We believe that the lawsuit is without merit and intend to vigorously defend the action.

On January 4, 2018, Gordon Siu, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, filed a lawsuit alleging that Bluegreen Vacations and Choice Hotels violated California state privacy laws by recording and/or monitoring a telemarketing call to the plaintiff without his consent. The plaintiff claims the individual making the call requested that the plaintiff provide personal and private information and did not disclose that the call was being recorded until after making such request. The plaintiff seeks certification of a class of persons in California whose telephone conversations were monitored, recorded and/or eavesdropped upon without their consent by us and/or Choice Hotels and damages of $5,000 per violation. We believe that the lawsuit is without merit and intend to vigorously defend the action.

Commencing in 2015, it came to our attention that our collection efforts with respect to our VOI notes receivable were being impacted by a then emerging, industry-wide trend involving the receipt of  “cease and desist” letters from attorneys purporting to represent certain VOI owners. Following receipt of these letters, we are unable to contact the owners unless allowed by law. We believe these attorneys have encouraged such owners to become delinquent and ultimately default on their obligations and that such actions and our inability to contact the owners are a primary contributor to the increase in our annual default rates. Our average annual default rates have increased from 6.9% in 2015 to 8.5% in 2017. We also estimate that approximately 9.3% of the total delinquencies on our VOI notes receivable as of December 31, 2017 related to VOI notes receivable subject to these letters. We have in a number of cases pursued, and we may in the future pursue, legal action against the VOI owners.

We have an exclusive marketing agreement with Bass Pro, a nationally-recognized retailer of fishing, marine, hunting, camping and sports gear, that provides us with the right to market and sell vacation packages at kiosks in each of Bass Pro’s retail locations and through other means. As of December 31, 2017, we sold vacation packages in 68 of Bass Pro’s stores. In exchange, we compensate Bass Pro based on VOI sales generated through the program. No compensation is paid to Bass Pro under the agreement on sales made at Bluegreen/Big Cedar Vacations’ resorts. During the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, VOI sales to prospects and leads generated by the agreement with Bass Pro accounted for approximately 15%,  16% and 20%, respectively, of our VOI sales volume. On October 9, 2017, Bass Pro advised us that it believes the amounts paid to it as VOI sales commissions should not have been adjusted for certain purchaser defaults. We previously informed Bass Pro that the aggregate amount of such adjustments for defaults charged back to Bass Pro between January 2008 and June 2017 totaled approximately $4.8 million. We believe these chargebacks were appropriate and consistent with the terms and intent of the agreements with Bass Pro, and we are continuing to discuss the matter with Bass Pro. On October 20, 2017, in order to demonstrate our good faith, we paid this amount to Bass Pro pending a resolution of the matter in the ordinary course. We recognized the $4.8 million payment as general and administrative expense during the fourth quarter of 2017. In addition, the resolution of the matter may adversely impact our future marketing expenses.